Latimer Road

London bridge (part ten)

Creating the perfect blend


Mithras slaying a bull

Gold pectoral

London bridge (part five)

Oxford Circus


The Liberty of the Clink

Parsons Green

Lambeth bridge (part three)

Wood Lane

Hinton St Mary mosaic

Baker Street

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Bayswater was recorded as Bayard's Watering in 1380 and has had many variant spellings before being named as Bay(e)swater by 1659. The original Bayard's Watering was the place where the Westbourne Stream crossed the Oxford Road (now Bayswater Road) and is possibly derived from the Bayard family who once lived in this area.
Barons Court

Barons Court. Unlike Earl's Court this name has no connection with the law, or the nobility, but was so named after an estate that extends from the District Line to Perham Road to the south. The estate was planned by Sir William Palliser and built at the end of the 19th century.

Barkingside was so named in 1538 being on the extreme edge of the old parish of Barking. The word side is associated with a slope or hill especially one extending for a considerable distance, which was no doubt the case during the 16th century.

Barking was recorded as Berecingum in 735 and is probably named from the Saxon people the Bercia and the Old English place name word ending ing, literally 'the people who lived at'. Barking, we can deduce, means - 'the home of the Bercias'. The area was divided into various manors during the Middle Ages, one being Berengers, a variation on the original name. It is also possible that the name can be interpreted as 'the dwellers among the birch trees' and, maybe, this referred to the Bercias.

Barbican was called barbicana when a Roman Tower once stood just north of the street that now bears this name. Barbicana is Latin in origin and, in its turn, is probably from the Persian wording meaning 'upper chamber'. The Saxons named the tower burgh kennin - meaning 'town watchtower', on which for many centuries fires were lit to guide travellers to their destinations across London. It seems the tower was pulled down in 1267 on the orders of Henry III but it was then rebuilt in 1336 on the orders of Edward III. The date when the tower was finally demolished is uncertain but it is known there was a house on the site in 1720.

Bank takes its name from the Bank of England which was estab¬lished in 1694 based on the proposals of William Paterson, a Scotsman. From 1694-1724 the business of the Bank was carried on at Mercers' Hall, and then at Grocers' Hall. In 1724 a site in Threadneedle Street was purchased; the building was erected in 1732-4 and rebuilt in 1940.

Balham was known as Baelenham in 957 and later as Bealganhamm being derived from the personal name of the Saxon Bealga, and Old English ham, a' homestead'. It means ' the home of Bealga' and his family who once lived on a site here. It was recorded as Balgaham in c. 1115.
Baker Street

Baker Street was completed in 1799 and was named after either Sir Edward Baker of Ranston in Dorset who was the owner of an estate in the area, or more probably, William Baker who devel-oped an estate after purchasing land from William Portman (who owned the whole area) in the eighteenth century. The street is, of course, associated with the famous fictional detec¬tive Sherlock Holmes 'who had rooms at 221 b Baker Street'.

Arsenal takes its name from the famous Arsenal Football Club which moved here in 1913 from Woolwich where it had been founded at the Royal Arsenal Factory in 1884 - hence the nickname for the team: The Gunners.

Arnos Grove

Arnos Grove was recorded as Arnold(e)s Grove in 1551 and it seems that the name should be associated with the 14th- century family of Margery Arnold who once lived in this area. The Grove itself runs to the north of the nearby Arnos Park.