Battersea bridge (part three)

Elm Park

The Uniforms

Raffles gamelan

Marco Zoppo (с. 1432-78), Dead Christ Supported by Angels

Charing Cross

Egg and cress sandwiches

Canada Water

Tower bridge (part four)

Ceremonial bronze dirk

Pillar edict of Emperor Asoka

Ivory statuette of a king


St Mary-at-Lambeth

Icon of the Triumph of Orthodoxy

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Farringdon. This part of central London takes its name from Farringdon Street. In 1279 the City merchant William de Farindon of the Goldsmiths' Company purchased the 'ward' of this area and became an Alderman of it two years later; the street was named in his honour. The street was built in 1738 upon arches, above the old River Fleet which is now a sewer.

Fairlop. A legend surrounds the name of Fairlop. In the early part of the 19th century there was a fine oak tree here, which sheltered a long-established fair founded by a certain Daniel Day. When Day died in 1767 his friends, after much consideration, decided to make his coffin from the tree and as the tree continued to flourish, they agreed that they had made a fair lop. A little fanciful perhaps, but the name is derived from fair and the Modern English lop 'a small branch or twig' - and means 'the beautiful trees with their leafy branches' which stood nearby.
Euston Square

Euston Square was laid out in 1805 and, like Euston, takes its name from the seat of the Duke of Grafton. The station is on the site of a farm which existed as late as 1830.

Euston takes its name from the main-line station, opened on 20 July 1837, which was adjacent to Euston Grove and Euston Square on the estate held by the Duke of Grafton, whose seat was at Euston Hall, Suffolk.

Epping was recorded as Eppinges in the Domesday Book from the people known as the Yippinga, derived from the Old English yppe, 'a raised place' and the ing word ending (literally 'the people who lived here') and means The people who live on the uplands', referring also to a look-out post they had here. It was recorded as Upping in 1227, then Epping.

Embankment. The Embankment is the roadway by the River Thames. In 1863 an Act of Parliament was passed for the building of the embankments and work started immediately on the new Victoria Embankment between Westminster and the Temple. It was completed and opened to the public in 1870.
Elm Park

Elm Park, as the name suggests, takes its name from natural local woodland and was perhaps a meeting place of the local inhabitants long ago. The station was opened as ELM PARK on 13 May 1935.
Elephant & Castle

Elephant & Castle is named after an old tavern which was originally on the site of a 16th-century playhouse, 'the Newington Theatre', which staged many of Shakespeare's plays. Later converted into a tavern and, during the 18th century, to a posting house and inn, being rebuilt in 1816 and again in 1898. The tavern had a gilt model of an elephant and castle on its frontage, which was preserved when the building was demolished in 1959, and is now displayed in the nearby shopping centre.
Edgware Road

Edgware Road was once part of the Roman road called Watling Street that ran from Dover through London to St Albans. During the 18th century the road became Edgware Road, being the direct route from Marble Arch to Edgware, which lies to the north west. Until the early 1900s it was often spelt Edgeware.

Edgware was recorded Aegces Wer in 972-8 and Eggeswera later and is derived from the personal name of a Saxon Ecgis and weir - means very simply, 'Ecgis', fishing pool from a local stretch of water. From an early set of boundaries the precise position of the fishing pool can be ascertained; it is where Watling Street (now Edgware Road) crosses the Edgware Brook.