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The Scots Guards
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The Scots GuardsThe Scots Guards have loyally and successfully served the Crown for many years, since the Regiment was first raised as a personal bodyguard for Charles I in 1642. In March of that year Charles issued a Commission addressed to Archibald, 1st Marquess of Argyll, authorizing him to raise 'a Royal Regiment of our Scottish Subjects, consisting of the number of Fifteen Hundred men'.

The Regiment was sent to Ireland, but neither the King nor Argyll went with them. Instead the marquess appointed a cousin as commander in the field, and this custom of having a prince of the Blood or a distinguished soldier as Colonel, and a Lieutenant Colonel Commanding responsible for the active command of the whole Regiment, has remained.

Except for a short break in 1645, the Regiment stayed in Ireland from 1642 until 1649, when they returned to Scotland as part of Charles IIs Scottish Army which was being raised to fight the English Parliamentary Forces. After the Battle of Worcester in 1651, Charles was forced to flee to Europe and Cromwell ordered the Regiment to be disbanded.

Nine years later in 1660 when Charles II was restored to his throne the Regiment was once more in being, again as part of the Scottish Army, and known as the Scottish Regiment of Foot Guards. In 1686, after various successful actions, they were brought on to the English Army's establishment and took precedence within the Foot Guards as the third Regiment. Undoubtedly their length of service, dating from 1642, ranked them as the senior Regiment, but their disbandment was adjudged to have broken the continuity, and so they took their place in the line behind the Grenadier Guards (1st) and the Coldstream Guards (2nd).

In 1695 the First Battalion won the Regiment's first Battle Honour at the Siege of Namur during the wars of Marlborough. The Regiment then underwent further name changes - in 1772 they were renamed the 'Third Regiment of Foot Guards' but, in 1831, King William gave them the unusual title 'Scots Fusilier Guards' and it was from that date that the whole Regiment wore the bearskin cap. The present title 'Scots Guards' was conferred upon them by Queen Victoria in 1877.

Although their name changed, the Regiment's excellent fighting qualities remained constant throughout. They have taken part in every major war fought by Britain and in countless smaller actions. Their 92 Battle Honours, 40 of which are borne on their Colours, bear witness to fortitude and success. They also reflect how Scots Guardsmen through the ages have lived up to their ancient motto - 'Nemo Me Impune Lacessit' - 'Let No One Provoke Me with Impunity'.

The Uniforms
The Scots Guards wear the buttons on their tunics and tunic cuffs in threes. When the Regiment joined the Household Troops they required no plume, because they always stood in the centre of the line. Their collar badge is the traditional Scottish emblem, the thistle. The peaked forage cap worn by the Regiment has a diced band in red, white and blue.

The Scots Guards

In Home Service Dress the bearskin cap can be replaced by a forage cap. The Piper in Full Dress wears a plaid and kilt in Royal Steward tartan. His feather bonnet bears a blue and red hackle.

The Scots Guards

Dress coat worn by Captain the Honourable Thomas Needham, Third Guards, who served 1756-61.

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