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Gilded wooden figure of a goat
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Тhis figure, also known as 'The Ram in the Thicket', may originally have been part of a small stand. It is an example of the beautifully crafted objects, often worked in precious metals and imported materials, which were owned by the Sumerian-speaking elite of southern Mesopotamia. These objects reflect the well-established trade links, wealth and sophistication of this culture.

When excavated, the figure had been crushed flat and its wooden supporting core had perished. Wax was used to keep the pieces together as it was lifted from the ground, and it was then pressed back into shape. The tree, ram's head and legs are covered in gold leaf, its ears are copper (now green), its twisted horns and the fleece on its shoulders are of lapis lazuli, and its body fleece is made of shell. The base is decorated with a mosaic of shell, red limestone and lapis lazuli.

Gilded wooden figure of a goat


Excavated at the 'Royal Cemetery, Ur, southern Iraq, c. 2600-2400 BC
Ht 45.7 cm.



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