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Seal-die of Robert Fitzwalter
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A seal-die is an engraved stamp used to impress a design on to hot wax in order to seal documents. This impressive example ia made of silver and engraved to the highest standard. It shows the arms of Robert Fitzwalter (died 1235), one of the most influential English barons of the early XIII century, and is inscribed with the legend: +SIGILLVM: ROBERTI: FILII: WALTERI (the seal of Robert, son of Walter).

The shield depicted in front of the horse carries the arms of another baron, Saher de Quincy, who also included the arms of Fitzwalter on his seal. Fitzwalter and de Quincy were close political allies and played an important part in the barons’ revolt against King John (reigned 1199-1216) that led to the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. John was said to hate three men above all others: Archbishop Stephen Langton, Robert Fitzwalter and Saher de Quincy.

Seal-die of Robert Fitzwalter


From England, c. AD 1213-19.
D. 7,3 cm.



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