,
Random
St Pancras Parish Church

Paddington

The Liberty of the Clink

Silver tetradrachm of Athens

Londesborough brooch

The Grenadier Guards

Wimbledon

The Uniforms

St Paul's Cathedral (part one)

St George the Martyr (Borough High Street)

Winchester hoard

Sugar-crusted cherry cake

Hammersmith bridge (part one)

St Margaret’s Church

The Heretics

News from our friends
XML error in File: http://www.anglophile.ru/en/rss.xml
XML error: Not well-formed (invalid token) at line 2
Most Popular
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Isabella BrantThis famous portrait drawing is of Rubens’ first wife, ...
Waterloo suicidesFor centuries people have been committing or attempting...
The queen of vintage - Hilary ProctorThere's only one thing more fabulous than Hilary Pr...
The Blues and RoyalsIn 1969 The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) were amalgam...
London Oratory (Brompton Road)The Congregation of the Oratory was founded in Rome by ...
London bridge (part twelve)After the opening in 1836 of London Bridge station, the...
Clocks and watches - Martyn Stamp"1970s watches are very popular right now, whereas...
Guy's Hospital ChapelThe benefaction by which Thomas Guy founded the well-kn...
Discussed
Advertisement
Tower bridge (part two)
 (голосов: 0)
One of the biggest problems was raising the funds to build the three crossings, and in 1883 Parliament turned down a petition by the Metropolitan Board of Works for the extension of coal and wine duties to finance them, with the extraordinary reason that 'it had not yet been shown that they were required'. In the end, although the bridge is outside the City limits, it was agreed that the City's Bridge House Estates would fund the new bridge.


Tower bridge (part two)

Frederic Burnett's 1876 design for a duplex low-level Tower Bridge, which he claimed would allow an uninterrupted flow of traffic both along and over the river.


At one point it seemed likely that a low-level swing-bridge would be built, but in the end the most acceptable design came from the City Architect, Horace Jones: a bascule bridge that could open like a double drawbridge to allow ships through. In the original design there was a curved arch over the centre of the bridge, and the bascules would be opened by chains.The design was amended, as the roadway could not be opened far enough to allow ships through, and hydraulic power was introduced instead to raise the bascules. Jones worked up the designs with the engineer John Wolfe Barry for presentation to Parliament, and in 1885 the Tower Bridge Bill received the Royal Assent. The resulting bridge is a combination of three different types: suspension bridges at each end, a girder bridge for the pedestrian walkways, and a bascule bridge in the Centre. The City asked Jones, who was knighted in 1886, to share the supervision of the construction with Barry, but in 1887 Jones died suddenly, and Barry took on the direction of the whole operation, helped by, among others, Henry Marc Brunei, son of Isambard.The cost of construction was originally estimated to be _£750,000, but the final cost was over £1 million, including the cost of the approaches. The Corporation had been given four years to complete the construction, but it had to ask for two extensions and it was eight years before the job was completed. Part of the problem was that it was a legal requirement to keep the river clear at all times for ships to go through, which meant that the two piers could not be built at the same time. Considering the size and complexity of the task, it was a considerable achievement that only ten men died during the bridge's construction.

On 21 June 1886 the first stone was laid on the northern abutment by the Prince of Wales on behalf of the Queen, with considerable ceremony. As is traditional on such occasions, a time capsule containing coins and newspapers of the time was placed underneath it. The stone can still be seen on the upstream side of the northern abutment, alongside the wharf.


Информация
Посетители, находящиеся в группе Гости, не могут оставлять комментарии к данной публикации.