,
Random
Fortnum's classic shortbread

Creating the perfect blend

Battersea bridge (part three)

Arnos Grove

The Clink Prison

Essential etiquette (part one)

Bank

Angel

Red deer antler heddress

'Fowling in the marshes', fragment of wall painting from the tomb of Nebamun

Stone sculpture of Shakti-Ganesha

Quilted cotton horse armour

Events

Great Torc from Snettisham

Camden Town

News from our friends
Into the future
Elizabeth II HAS REIGNED in a world moving swiftly through political shifts, cultural change and technological advances. Traditional institutions of law, religion and politics have suffered loss of ...
Elizabeth II (1952 - )
Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born at 17 Bruton Street, London on 21 April 1926. A happy childhood was spent with her parents, the Duke and Duchess of York, and younger sister Margaret Rose. ...
Edward VIII and George VI (1936 - 1952)
Edward VIII (1936) Edward, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George V and Queen Mary, was known to the family as 'David'. Charming and informal, he was a popular prince, touring Britain and the empire, ...
George V (1910 - 1936)
Edward vii's eldest son Albert died at the age of 28, and so it was his second son, George, who followed him as king. George had learned the navy's traditions of duty and. Blue-eyed, blunt, and ...
House of Windsor
When Queen Victoria died in 1901, she left three generations of heirs. They, it was expected, would reign as monarchs of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. In fact, the name survived only 16 years. In ...
Most Popular
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Isabella BrantThis famous portrait drawing is of Rubens’ first wife, ...
Waterloo suicidesFor centuries people have been committing or attempting...
The queen of vintage - Hilary ProctorThere's only one thing more fabulous than Hilary Pr...
The Blues and RoyalsIn 1969 The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) were amalgam...
London Oratory (Brompton Road)The Congregation of the Oratory was founded in Rome by ...
London bridge (part twelve)After the opening in 1836 of London Bridge station, the...
Clocks and watches - Martyn Stamp"1970s watches are very popular right now, whereas...
Guy's Hospital ChapelThe benefaction by which Thomas Guy founded the well-kn...
Discussed
Advertisement
Battersea bridge (part one)
 (голосов: 0)
A horse ferry had operated here since at least the sixteenth century, but the last owner, John, Earl Spencer, decided that more money could be made from a bridge. In 1766 Spencer obtained an Act of Parliament for a stone bridge, but he could not persuade enough people to invest in it, so a wooden one was built instead. It was designed by the young Henry Holland, who was later to become a celebrated country-house architect, and built between 1771 and 1772 by John Phillips, whose uncle,Thomas, had built the bridge at Putney half a century earlier.

In November 1771 the bridge was opened, for pedestrians only, in a grand ceremony. Carriages were unable to pass over it until the following year, after the chalk and gravel surface had been added. The bridge consisted of nineteen narrow spans and it was therefore not easy for boats to pass under it, and there were many accidents during the bridge’s existence, including a number of deaths. The roadway was only 24 feet wide, so it was not very practical for those passing over it either. Investors did not make much money from the tolls, as the bridge was constantly being repaired because it was so often rammed by passing barges. Indeed, after the severe winter of 1795, shareholders received no dividend for the next three years. To improve the navigation, four of the openings were turned into two larger ones by inserting iron girders. Battersea Bridge was the first Thames bridge to be lit when oil lamps were installed in 1799, and they were replaced by gas lamps in 1824.The wooden fences on either side of the bridge were often breaking and between 1821 and 1824 they were replaced by safer iron railings 4 feet high.


Battersea bridge (part one)

Old Battersea Bridge, a watercolour by Walter Greaves, a Thames boatman who was one of the first pupils of the artist Whistler, who is probably the top-hatted figure crossing the bridge.



Although the bridge was extremely inconvenient for anyone using it, it was considered to be very picturesque and was painted by many artists, including J. M.W. Turner, John Atkinson Grimshaw, Walter Greaves and, most famously, by the American artist James McNeill Whistler, who made his home in Chelsea for a number of years. He painted this stretch of the river on many occasions, often working from sketches made at night in a boat. His most striking image of the bridge is Nocturne: Blue and Gold - Old Battersea Bridge, now in Tate Britain, which depicts it as very much higher than it was in reality. The painting was inspired by the bridge, but Whistler uses its general form to create a Japanese-style picture, quite unlike his earlier, more realistic depictions of it. A statue of Whistler was erected in a small garden on the north side of the bridge in 2005.




Информация
Посетители, находящиеся в группе Гости, не могут оставлять комментарии к данной публикации.