Southwark Bridge (part one)

Cooking with tea

Colossal bust of Ramesses II


Lambeth North


Yi Che-gwan (1783-1837) (attributed to), Portrait of a Confucian scholar

Cristovao Canhavato (Kester) (1966-…), Throne of weapons

Latimer Road

Waterloo suicides


Fine luggage, furniture and curios - Dee Zammit

Rayners Lane

London`s churches & cathedrals. Introduction. (part four)

Wood Lane

News from our friends
XML error in File: http://www.anglophile.ru/en/rss.xml
XML error: Not well-formed (invalid token) at line 2
Most Popular
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640), Isabella BrantThis famous portrait drawing is of Rubens’ first wife, ...
Waterloo suicidesFor centuries people have been committing or attempting...
The queen of vintage - Hilary ProctorThere's only one thing more fabulous than Hilary Pr...
The Blues and RoyalsIn 1969 The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) were amalgam...
London Oratory (Brompton Road)The Congregation of the Oratory was founded in Rome by ...
London bridge (part twelve)After the opening in 1836 of London Bridge station, the...
Clocks and watches - Martyn Stamp"1970s watches are very popular right now, whereas...
Guy's Hospital ChapelThe benefaction by which Thomas Guy founded the well-kn...
The Horse Guards Building
 (голосов: 0)
The Horse Guards Building

From 1664 to the present time.

After his Restoration, Charles II formed England's first standing army by creating The Household Cavalry and the Foot Guards. In 1664 the first Horse Guards building was constructed to house the King's Life Guard, a permanent guard to protect King Charles at the Palace of Whitehall. The building housed both The Household Cavalry and Foot Guards, with stabling for over 100 horses. Household Cavalrymen did not live in, but were billeted in inns across London.

In 1698 the Palace of Whitehall burnt down and the Court moved to St James's Palace. Horse Guards became its official entrance and remains the ceremonial entrance of Buckingham Palace to this day.

By 1749, the old building, near collapse, was demolished. William Kent designed the replacement - a classical building which mirrored the old one in shape but was larger. Kent died before work began, and his assistant, John Vardy, completed the project for the then enormous sum of L65,000. In 1755, The Household Cavalry moved into the new building whose stables are still used today by the Queen's Life Guard.

The Horse Guards Building

Horse Guards as it is today.

As well as a barracks, Horse Guards was the headquarters of the general staff of the British army. Perhaps its most illustrious occupant was the Duke of Wellington, victor of Waterloo, who was commander-in-chief in the mid nineteenth century. His office, formerly the court-martial room, is now used by the Major General commanding the Household Division.

Nowadays, Horse Guards is a military headquarters commanding army units in London. Its tradition of a permanent guard is maintained by the presence of the Queen's Life Guard.

The Horse Guards Building

The 'New' Horse Guards Building designed by William Kent and opened in 1755, as painted by Canaletto. [Bridgeman Art Library]

The building has several less visible but interesting features. The clock, the most accurate in West London until the installation of Big Ben in 1859, has black marks on both of its faces to commemorate the hour (2 pm) of King Charles I's execution outside the Banqueting House in 1649.

The Horse Guards Building

The former office and desk of the Duke of Wellington.

Above the arch on the Whitehall side can be seen the Royal Arms of George II, while halfway through the arch on the stonework overhead are the letters STMW/STMF. These mark the boundary between the parishes of St Margaret's, Westminster, and St Martin-in-the-Fields. In the building's basement is a cockpit where the eighteenth-century members of the Life Guard once indulged in the gruesome sport of cock fighting.

Посетители, находящиеся в группе Гости, не могут оставлять комментарии к данной публикации.